Hypertension is a chronic, non communicable disease and is ranked as the third most important risk factor for attributable burden of disease in South Asia. Hypertension exerts a substantial public health burden on cardiovascular health status and health care systems in India.
Providing continuum of care from early detection to control of hypertension and improving quality of care is a critical factor for leading a healthy life. It can also lead to decrease in morbidity and mortality due to CVDs.
Measurement of blood pressure is quick and painless. Written as two numbers, the first (systolic) number represents pressure in blood vessels when the heart contracts or beats and second (diastolic) number represents pressure in the vessels when the heart rests between beats. Hypertension is diagnosed if, when measured twice on different days, systolic blood pressure on both readings is ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure on both readings is ≥90 mmHg. It is important to know one’s blood pressure reading by checking it regularly, adopting a healthy lifestyle and staying on prescribed treatment to reduce hypertension and its complications.
Nearly 63% of total deaths in India are due to noncommunicable diseases, of which 27% are attributed to cardiovascular disease which affects 45% people in the 40-69 age group. Raised blood pressure is among the most important risk factors for CVDs. Moreover, it remains poorly controlled due to low awareness about hypertension, lack of appropriate care through primary care and poor follow up.